Sickle Cell Disease in Adults: Developing an Appropriate Care Plan

Nadine Matthie

Coretta Jenerette

sickle cell disease, sickle cell anemia, sickle cell pain, clinical management, pain, staff nurses
CJON 2015, 19(5), 562-567. DOI: 10.1188/15.CJON.562-567

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is primarily characterized by pain. This chronic pain with acute exacerbations is the most common reason for hospital visits, admissions, and readmissions, particularly in young adults (aged 18–39 years). People who present to the hospital for pain crises often report that nurses lack knowledge of SCD and, consequently, they do not provide appropriate, timely care.

Objectives: Because pain episodes often result in hospital admissions, this article highlights prominent issues that staff nurses need to know.

Methods: Using a review of the literature and case studies, the authors provide recommendations to improve care of adults with SCD.

Findings: No objective signs of a sickle cell pain crisis exist. Patients react to pain in different ways and use various coping mechanisms in response. Suspected opioid addiction should not affect the provision of nursing care. Pain must be treated appropriately to decrease the potential for prolonged admissions and/or readmissions. Patients are to be acknowledged as experts and collaborated with in developing an appropriate plan of care. Advocacy on behalf of the patient is important for better communication with providers. With this knowledge, nurses will be better equipped to provide the appropriate and timely care required to manage pain crises experienced by individuals living with SCD.

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