Anxiety Search Strategy

Initial references prior to update: 37
Databases searched for update: PubMed, CINAHL, NCCN, and Cochrane Collaboration
Search results of literature retrieved 5/1/2008–4/29/2015:
  • PubMed
  • (Therapy/Broad[filter] OR systematic[sb]) AND (cancer[ti] OR oncolog*[ti] OR Neoplasms[majr]) AND (Anxiety[mesh] OR anxiety[ti] OR distress[ti]) AND ("2008/05/01"[PDAT] : "2015/04/29"[PDAT])
  • 907 citations retrieved
  • (MM anxiety OR TI anxiety OR AB anxiety OR TI distress) AND (cancer OR neoplasms OR oncolog*)
  • Limiters: Published Date: 20080501-20150429, English Language, Human
  • 1,814 citations retrieved
  • NCCN
    • National Comprehensive Cancer Network. (2012). NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Distress management [v.2.2013]. Retrieved from
  • Cochrane Collaboration
    • Bradt, J., Dileo, C., Grocke, D., & Magill, L. (2011). Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011(8). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006911.pub2
    • Bradt, J., Shim, M., & Goodill, S.W. (2015). Dance/movement therapy for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2015(1). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007103.pub3
    • Chan, R.J., Webster, J., & Marquart, L. (2011). Information interventions for orienting patients and their carers to cancer care facilities. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011(12). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008273.pub2
    • Fellowes, D., Barnes, K., & Wilkinson, S. (2004). Aromatherapy and massage for symptom relief in patients with cancer. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2004(3). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002287.pub2
    • Galway, K., Black, A., Cantwell, M., Cardwell, C.R., Mills, M., & Donnelly, M. (2012). Psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and emotional wellbeing for recently diagnosed cancer patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(11). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007064.pub2
    • Mishra, S.I., Scherer, R.W., Geigle, P.M., Berlanstein, D.R., Topaloglu, O., Gotay, C.C., & Snyder, C. (2012). Exercise interventions on health-related quality of life for cancer survivors. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(8). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007566.pub2
    • Moore, P.M., Rivera Mercado, S., Grez Artigues, M., & Lawrie, T.A. (2013). Communication skills training for healthcare professionals working with people who have cancer. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013(3). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003751.pub3

200 titles were selected for a full article review.

241 final studies were included after the removal of duplicates and studies that did not meet inclusion criteria and the addition of manuscripts retrieved in other topics meeting anxiety criteria.

Inclusion Criteria: 
1. Full research report, systematic review, guideline, or meta-analysis
2. Study must report results of the measurement of anxiety 
3. The study examines an intervention aimed at affecting anxiety
4. Study sample must include patients with cancer
5. General and procedure-related anxiety are included
6. As of 1/1/2016, additional inclusions are (a) sample size of at least 40 or 20 per study group, and (b) for complex interventions, the description of the intervention must be sufficient to identify the components of that intervention.
Exclusion Criteria: 
1. Grey literature
2. Studies that report distress findings only and do not include a measurement and report of findings for anxiety