Constipation Search Strategy

CONSTIPATION SEARCH STRATEGY AND RESULTS
 
Initial references prior to update: 24
 
Databases searched for update: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration, NCCN
 
Search results of literature retrieved January 1, 2009–February 28, 2015:
  • PubMed
    • ("Constipation/therapy"[MAJR]) OR ((Constipation[mesh] OR Constipat*[ti]) AND (cancer OR neoplasms OR opioid*) AND Therapy/Broad[filter]) OR ((Constipation[majr] OR Constipat*[ti]) AND (cancer[ti] OR opioid*[ti] OR palliative[ti])) AND ("2009/01/01"[PDAT] : "2015/02/28"[PDAT])
    • 1,408 citations retrieved
  • CINAHL
    • (MM "Constipation/TH" OR TI constipat*) AND (cancer OR neoplasms OR opioid* OR palliative) 
    • Limiters: English Language; Human
    • 143 citations retrieved
  • Cochrane Collaboration
    • Candy, B., Jones, L., Goodman, M.L., Drake, R., & Tookman, A. (2011). Laxatives or methylnaltrexone for the management of constipation in palliative care patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011(1). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003448.pub3
    • Lee-Robichaud, H., Thomas, K., Morgan, J., & Nelson, R.L. (2010). Lactulose versus polyethylene glycol for chronic constipation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2010(7). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007570.pub2
    • Miles, C.L., Fellowes, D., Goodman, M.L., & Wilkinson, S.S.M. (2009). Laxatives for the management of constipation in palliative care patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2009(1). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003448.pub2
 
146 titles initially were retrieved from the search results.
 
67 titles were selected from a review of the abstracts for a full article review.
 
52 final studies were included after the removal of duplicates and studies that did not meet inclusion criteria and the addition of manuscripts retrieved in other topics meeting constipation-related criteria.
 
Inclusion Criteria: 
1. Full research report, systematic review, guideline or meta-analysis
2. Study must report results of measurement of constipation
3. The study examines an intervention aimed at affecting constipation.
4. Study sample must include patients with cancer
 
*Prior to 2011, evidence considered included studies unrelated to cancer patients.
 
Exclusion Criteria: 
1. Grey literature

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