Pain Search Strategy

Search Dates: Search results of literature retrieved March 2009 – Nov 2014

Search Terms:  (pain[ti] AND cancer[ti]) OR ((pain[ti] OR pain[majr]) AND neoplasms[majr])

Limits: Humans, English, Cancer

Databases: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration, NCCN

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Full research report, systematic review, guideline or meta-analysis
  2. Study must report results of measurement of pain, including acute, chronic, breakthrough or intractable pain
  3. The study examines a pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic intervention aimed at affecting pain.
  4. Study sample must include patients with cancer
  5. Include pediatric as well as adult studies
  6. Studies aimed at treatment of pain (may include other symptoms) rather than treatment of the cancer – added 8-2014. (team to test out this inclusion criteria)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Grey literature
  2. Descriptive study
  3. Studies involving use of standard short acting or sustained or extended release opioids will not be included as of 7/13.  Only studies involving new formulations or unusual use of these medications will be included (added in team meeting July 2013)
  4. Studies involving examination of effects of different types of surgical anesthesia are excluded (added in team meeting July 2013)
  5. As of 8-2014 additional exclusions: a) Studies involving surgical procedures such as cordotomy, vertebroplasty, b) Studies with sample size < 30