Acrylate terpolymer (ATP) is a chemical compound found in barrier films that are used as dressings and skin treatments. ATP cream is a cream formulation containing ATP. This was examined for its effect in management of radiodermatitis.
Effectiveness Not Established
Research Evidence Summaries
Graham, P.H., Plant, N., Graham, J.L., Browne, L., Borg, M., Capp, A., . . . Zissiadis, Y. (2013). A paired, double-blind, randomized comparison of a moisturizing durable barrier cream to 10% glycerine cream in the prophylactic management of postmastectomy irradiation skin care: Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) 04.01. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 86, 45–50.doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2012.12.009
A previous unblinded study demonstrated that an alcohol-free barrier film containing an acrylate terpolymer (ATP) was effective in reducing skin reactions compared with a 10% glycerine (sorbolene) cream. The different appearances of these products precluded a blinded comparison. To test the ATP principle in a double-blind manner required use of an alternative cream formulation, a moisturizing durable barrier cream (MDBC). This study tested the hypothesis that an ATP alcohol-free barrier film reduces the degree of radiation skin reaction compared with the 10% glycerine cream most commonly used for this purpose in women receiving postmastectomy radiation therapy in Australia.
Intervention Characteristics/Basic Study Process:
The chest wall was divided into medial and lateral compartments, and patients were randomized to receive MDBC applied daily to the medial or lateral side and sorbolene to the other side. Patients were instructed to apply the separate creams daily at the start of radiation to each half of the area on the chest wall receiving radiation therapy and to continue until two weeks after radiation completion. Weekly observations, photographs, and symptom scores (pain and pruritus) were collected until week 12, or resolution of skin reactions if earlier. Skin dose was confirmed by centrally calibrated thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs).
- N = 318
- AGE = 26–89 years
- MALES: 0%, FEMALES: 100%
- KEY DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Patients receiving radiation of at least 45 Gy in 25 fractions after total mastectomy
- OTHER KEY SAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS: Aged 18 years or older, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0–2, ability to consent, ability to attend weekly for up to six weeks after treatment completion. Ineligibility: previous radiation therapy to chest wall, clinically evident cutaneous involvement by malignancy, pregnancy, known allergy to skin care products
- SITE: Multi-site
- SETTING TYPE: Not specified
- LOCATION: 12 radiation treatment centers in Australia
Phase of Care and Clinical Applications:
- PHASE OF CARE: Active antitumor treatment
- APPLICATIONS: Elder care
- Paired, double-blind, randomized comparison
- TLD measurements were performed twice during radiation with two TLDs per skin compartment. TLDs were centrally calibrated.
- Patient outcomes were scored weekly using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 scores.
- Photographic audit of skin scores confirmed the pattern of reactions scored by clinicians.
The MDBC did not reduce peak skin reaction compared to sorbolene. It is possible that this is related to the difference in formulation of the cream compared with film formulation.
- There was no clear consistency on how the cream should be used. Even though it was recommended for daily use, some patients did use it twice a day.
This study emphasizes the requirement for well-designed, appropriately powered, and controlled studies for skin care products. This study also potentially emphasizes that skin care products can vary in effectiveness based on formulation.