Psychoeducation/Psychoeducational Interventions

Psychoeducation or psychoeducational interventions encompass a broad range of activities that combine education and other activities such as counseling and supportive interventions. Psychoeducational interventions may be delivered individually or in groups, and may be tailored or standardized. This type of intervention generally includes providing patients with information about treatments, symptoms, resources and services, training to provide care and respond to disease-related problems, and problem-solving strategies for coping with cancer. Interventions may include use of booklets, videos, audiotapes, and computers, and formats may be interactive between healthcare professionals and patients and caregivers, self-directed via use of CDs and other materials, online, or delivered telephonically. Studies using psychoeducational interventions tend to vary substantially in specific content, format, frequency, and timing of the interventions. For this reason, there is limited ability to currently examine the relative effectiveness of different formats and delivery methods. Highly specific content approaches, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavioral approaches, are identified in these resources as separate interventions, rather than incorporated into overall psychoeducation.