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Cognitive Behavioral Interventions/Approach

Cognitive behavioral interventions are designed to reflect concepts from cognitive behavioral therapy, which examine the associations among thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Cognitive behavioral interventions do not involve full cognitive behavioral psychotherapy; however, they do assist patients in identifying negative or unhelpful thoughts and beliefs so they can be altered.
  • CJON 2008—Putting Evidence Into Practice®: Nursing Assessment and Interventions to Reduce Family Caregiver Strain & Burden

Psychoeducation/Psychoeducational Interventions

Psychoeducation or psychoeducational interventions encompass a broad range of activities that combine education and other activities such as counseling and supportive interventions. Psychoeducational interventions may be delivered individually or in groups, and may be tailored or standardized. This type of intervention generally includes providing patients with information about treatments, symptoms, resources and services, training to provide care and respond to disease-related problems, and problem-solving strategies for coping with cancer.

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction

Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a consciousness discipline that is grounded in eastern philosophy and traditions such as yoga and Buddhism, focusing on awareness of the present moment. It aims to teach people to deal more effectively with experience through awareness of feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations. Participants learn to engage in mindfulness practices such as body scan, simple yoga exercises, and meditation.

  • CJON 2014 article--Update on Research-Based Interventions for Anxiety in Patients with Cancer

  • CJON 2009 article—Putting Evidence Into Practice®: Evidence-Based Interventions to Prevent and Manage Anorexia

Oral Nutritional Interventions

Oral nutritional interventions involve the provision of dietary advice or education with or without dietary modification or nutritional supplements. Nutritional supplements included in this type of intervention are those involving general protein-calorie supplements and multiple combinations of vitamins, minerals, and other compounds. Specific herbal supplements and some highly specific supplements such as carnitine and individual vitamins are considered as separate interventions.

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