Adamsen, L., Midtgaard, J., Rorth, M., Borregaard, N., Andersen, C., Quist, M., et al. (2003). Feasibility, physical capacity, and health benefits of a multidimensional exercise program for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Supportive Care in Cancer, 11(11), 707-716.
American College of Sports Medicine. (2005). ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (7th ed.). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Levine, M. (1990). In I. M. Parker (Ed.), Nursing theories in practice (pp. 189-201). New York: National League for Nursing.
Levine, M. E. (1969). The pursuit of wholeness. American Journal of Nursing, 69(1), 93-98.
Lipkin, D. P., Scriven, A. J., Crake, T., & Poole-Wilson, P. A. (1986). Six minute walking test for assessing exercise capacity in chronic heart failure. BMJ, 292(6521), 653-655.
MacVicar, M. G., Winningham, M. L., & Nickel, J. L. (1989). Effects of aerobic interval training on cancer patients' functional capacity. Nursing Research, 38(6), 348-351.
Marriner-Tomey, A. G., & Alligood, M. (2006). Nursing theorists and their work (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Schwartz, A. L. (1999). Fatigue mediates the effects of exercise on quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 8(6), 529-538.
Schwartz, A. L. (2000). Daily fatigue patterns and effect of exercise in women with breast cancer. Cancer Practice, 8(1), 16-24.
Schwartz, A. L. (2004). Cancer fitness. Exercise programs for patients and survivors. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Schwartz, A. L. (2007). Exercise regimen reduces fatigue. Oncology, 21(4, Suppl.), 37-39.
Schwartz, A. L., Mori, M., Gao, R., Nail, L. M., & King, M. E. (2001). Exercise reduces daily fatigue in women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(5), 718-723.
Andersen, C., Adamsen, L., Moeller, T., Midtgaard, J., Quist, M., Tveteraas, A., et al. (2006). The effect of a multidimensional exercise programme on symptoms and side-effects in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy—the use of semi-structured diaries. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 10(4), 247-262.
Berger, A. (2003). Treating fatigue in cancer patients. Oncologist, 8(Suppl. 1), 10-14.
Blanchard, C. M., Courneya, K. S., & Laing, D. (2001). Effects of acute exercise on state anxiety in breast cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum, 28(10), 1617-1621.
Borg, G. (1970). Perceived exertion as an indicator of somatic stress. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2(2), 92-98.
Burnham, T. R., & Wilcox, A. (2002). Effects of exercise on physiological and psychological variables in cancer survivors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(12), 1863-1867.
Cheema, B. S., & Gaul, C. A. (2006). Full-body exercise training improves fitness and quality of life in survivors of breast cancer. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(1), 14-21.
Conn, V. S., Hafdahl, A. R., Porock, D. C., McDaniel, R., & Nielsen, P. J. (2006). A meta-analysis of exercise interventions among people treated for cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer, 14(7), 699-712.
Courneya, K. S. (2001). Exercise interventions during cancer treatment: Biopsychosocial outcomes. Exercise and Sport Sciences Review, 29(2), 60-64.
Courneya, K. S. (2003). Exercise in cancer survivors: An overview of research. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(11), 1846-1852.
Courneya, K. S., & Friedenreich, C. M. (1999). Physical exercise and quality of life following cancer diagnosis: A literature review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 21(2), 171-179.
Courneya, K. S., & Friedenreich, C. M. (2001). Framework PEACE: An organizational model for examining physical exercise across the cancer experience. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 23(4), 263-272.
Courneya, K. S., Friedenreich, C. M., Quinney, H. A., Fields, A. L., Jones, L. W., & Fairey, A. S. (2003). A randomized trial of exercise and quality of life in colorectal cancer survivors. European Journal of Cancer Care, 12(4), 347-357.
Courneya, K. S., Friedenreich, C. M., Sela, R. A., Quinney, H. A., Rhodes, R. E., & Handman, M. (2003). The Group Psychotherapy and Home-Based Physical Exercise (Group-Hope) Trial in cancer survivors: Physical fitness and quality of life outcomes. Psycho-Oncology, 12(4), 357-374.
Courneya, K. S., Mackey, J. R., Bell, G. J., Jones, L. W., Field, C. J., & Fairey, A. S. (2003). Randomized controlled trial of exercise training in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors: Cardiopulmonary and quality of life outcomes. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 21(9), 1660-1668
Dimeo, F., Bauer, M., Varahram, I., Proest, G., & Halter, U. (2001). Benefits from aerobic exercise in patients with major depression: A pilot study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(2), 114-117.
Dimeo, F., Fetscher, S., Lange, W., Mertelsmann, R., & Keul, J. (1997). Effects of aerobic exercise on the physical performance and incidence of treatment-related complications after high-dose chemotherapy. Blood, 90(9), 3390-3394.
Dimeo, F. C., Stieglitz, R. D., Novelli-Fischer, U., Fetscher, S., & Keul, J. (1999). Effects of physical activity on the fatigue and psychologic status of cancer patients during chemotherapy. Cancer, 85(10), 2273-2277.
Durak, E. P., & Lilly, P. C. (1998). The application of an exercise and wellness program for cancer patients: A preliminary outcomes report. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 12(1), 3-6.
Fairey, A. S., Courneya, K. S., Field, C. J., & Mackey, J. R. (2002). Physical exercise and immune system function in cancer survivors: A comprehensive review and future directions. Cancer, 94(2), 539-551.
Friedenreich, C. M., & Courneya, K. S. (1996). Exercise as rehabilitation for cancer patients. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 6(4), 237-244.
Galvao, D. A., & Newton, R. U. (2005). Review of exercise intervention studies in cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(4), 899-909.
Headley, J. A., Ownby, K. K., & John, L. D. (2004). The effect of seated exercise on fatigue and quality of life in women with advanced breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 31(5), 977-983.
Holley, S., & Borger, D. (2001). Energy for living with cancer: Preliminary findings of a cancer rehabilitation group intervention study. Oncology Nursing Forum, 28(9), 1393-1396.
Holmes, M. D., Chen, W. Y., Feskanich, D., Kroenke, C. H., & Colditz, G. A. (2005). Physical activity and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. JAMA, 293(20), 2479-2486.
Hwang, S. S., Chang, V. T., Rue, M., & Kasimis, B. (2003). Multidimensional independent predictors of cancer-related fatigue. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 26(1), 604-614.
Kirshbaum, M. N. (2007). A review of the benefits of whole body exercise during and after treatment for breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 16(1), 104-121.
Knols, R., Aaronson, N. K., Uebelhart, D., Fransen, J., & Aufdemkampe, G. (2005). Physical exercise in cancer patients during and after medical treatment: A systematic review of randomized and controlled clinical trials. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(16), 3830-3842.
Labourey, J. L. (2007). Physical activity in the management of cancer-related fatigue induced by oncological treatments. Annales de Readaptation et de Medecine Physique, 50(6), 445-449, 450-454.
McNair, D. M., Lorr, M., & Droppleman, L. F. (1971). POMS manual. Profile of Mood States. San Diego, CA: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.
McNeely, M. L., Campbell, K. L., Rowe, B. H., Klassen, T. P., Mackey, J. R., & Courneya, K. S. (2006). Effects of exercise on breast cancer patients and survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 175(1), 34-41.
Meyerhardt, J. A., Heseltine, D., Niedzwiecki, D., Hollis, D., Saltz, L. B., Mayer, R. J., et al. (2006). Impact of physical activity on cancer recurrence and survival in patients with stage III colon cancer: Findings from CALGB 89803. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 24(22), 3535-3541.
Midtgaard, J., Rorth, M., Stelter, R., & Adamsen, L. (2006). The group matters: An explorative study of group cohesion and quality of life in cancer patients participating in physical exercise intervention during treatment. European Journal of Cancer Care, 15(1), 25-33.
Midtgaard, J., Rorth, M., Stelter, R., Tveteras, A., Andersen, C., Quist, M., et al. (2005). The impact of a multidimensional exercise program on self-reported anxiety and depression in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A phase II study. Palliative and Supportive Care, 3(3), 197-208.
Mock, V. (2004). Evidence-based treatment for cancer-related fatigue. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 32, 112-118.
Mock, V., Burke, M. B., Sheehan, P., Creaton, E. M., Winningham, M. L., McKenney-Tedder, S., et al. (1994). A nursing rehabilitation program for women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Oncology Nursing Forum, 21(5), 899-907.
Mock, V., Cameron, L., Tompkins, C., Lin, E., & Stewart, K. (1997). Every Step Counts: A walking exercise program for individuals with cancer. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University.
Mock, V., Dow, K. H., Meares, C. J., Grimm, P. M., Dienemann, J. A., Haisfield-Wolfe, M. E., et al. (1997). Effects of exercise on fatigue, physical functioning, and emotional distress during radiation therapy for breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 24(6), 991-1000.
Mock, V., Frangakis, C., Davidson, N. E., Ropka, M. E., Pickett, M., Poniatowski, B., et al. (2005). Exercise manages fatigue during breast cancer treatment: A randomized controlled trial. Psycho-Oncology, 14(6), 464-477.
Mock, V., & Olsen, M. (2003). Current management of fatigue and anemia in patients with cancer. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 19(4, Suppl. 2), 36-41.
Mock, V., Pickett, M., Ropka, M. E., Muscari Lin, E., Stewart, K. J., Rhodes, V. A., et al. (2001). Fatigue and quality of life outcomes of exercise during cancer treatment. Cancer Practice, 9(3), 119-127.
Monninkhof, E. M., Elias, S. G., Vlems, F. A., van der Tweel, I., Schuit, A. J., Voskuil, D. W., et al. (2007). Physical activity and breast cancer: A systematic review. Epidemiology, 18(1), 137-157.
Morrow, G. R., Andrews, P. L., Hickok, J. T., Roscoe, J. A., & Matteson, S. (2002). Fatigue associated with cancer and its treatment. Supportive Care in Cancer, 10(5), 389-398.
Mustian, K. M., Griggs, J. J., Morrow, G. R., McTiernan, A., Roscoe, J. A., Bole, C. W., et al. (2006). Exercise and side effects among 749 patients during and after treatment for cancer: A University of Rochester Cancer Center Community Clinical Oncology Program Study. Supportive Care in Cancer, 14(7), 732-741.
Mutrie, N., Campbell, A. M., Whyte, F., McConnachie, A., Emslie, C., Lee, L., et al. (2007). Benefits of supervised group exercise programme for women being treated for early stage breast cancer: Pragmatic randomized controlled trial. BMJ, 334(7592), 517.
Oldervoll, L. M., Kaasa, S., Hjermstad, M. J., Lund, J. A., & Loge, J. H. (2004). Physical exercise results in the improved subjective well-being of a few or is effective rehabilitation for all cancer patients? European Journal of Cancer, 40(7), 951-962.
Oldervoll, L. M., Loge, J. H., Paltiel, H., Asp, M. B., Vidvei, U., Wiken, A. N., et al. (2006). The effect of a physical exercise program in palliative care: A phase II study. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 31(5), 421-430.
Pedro, L. W. (2001). Quality of life for long-term survivors of cancer: Influencing variables. Cancer Nursing, 24(1), 1-11.
Piper, B. F., Dibble, S. L., Dodd, M. J., Weiss, M. C., Slaughter, R. E., & Paul, S. M. (1998). The revised Piper Fatigue Scale: Psychometric evaluation in women with breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 25(4), 677-684.
Schneider, C. M., Dennehy, C. A., & Carter, S. D. (2003). Exercise and cancer recovery. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Schneider, C. M., Dennehy, C. A., Roozeboom, M., & Carter, S. D. (2002). A model program: Exercise intervention for cancer rehabilitation. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 1(1), 76-82.
Schwartz, A. L. (1998). Patterns of exercise and fatigue in physically active cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum, 25(3), 485-491.
Segal, R., Evans, W., Johnson, D., Smith, J., Colletta, S., Gayton, J., et al. (2001). Structured exercise improves physical functioning in women with stages I and II breast cancer: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 19(3), 657-665.
Segar, M. L., Katch, V. L., Roth, R. S., Garcia, A. W., Portner, T. I., Glickman, S. G., et al. (1998). The effect of aerobic exercise on self-esteem and depressive and anxiety symptoms among breast cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum, 25(1), 107-113.
Smith, S. L. (1996). Physical exercise as an oncology nursing intervention to enhance quality of life. Oncology Nursing Forum, 23(5), 771-778.
Sood, A., & Moynihan, T. J. (2005). Cancer-related fatigue: An update. Current Oncology Reports, 7(4), 277-282.
Spruit, M. A., Janssen, P. P., Willemsen, S. C., Hochstenbag, M. M., & Wouters, E. F. (2006). Exercise capacity before and after an 8-week multidisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation program in lung cancer patients: A pilot study. Lung Cancer, 52(2), 257-260.
Stricker, C. T., Drake, D., Hoyer, K. A., & Mock, V. (2004). Evidence-based practice for fatigue management in adults with cancer: Exercise as an intervention. Oncology Nursing Forum, 31(5), 963-976.
van Weert, E., Hoekstra-Weebers, J., Grol, B., Otter, R., Arendzen, H. J., Postema, K., et al. (2004). Physical functioning and quality of life after cancer rehabilitation. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 27(1), 27-35.
van Weert, E., Hoekstra-Weebers, J., Otter, R., Postema, K., Sanderman, R., & van der Schans, C. (2006). Cancer-related fatigue: Predictors and effects of rehabilitation. Oncologist, 11(2), 184-196.
van Weert, E., Hoekstra-Weebers, J. E., Grol, B. M., Otter, R., Arendzen, J. H., Postema, K., et al. (2005). A multidimensional cancer rehabilitation program for cancer survivors: Effectiveness on health-related quality of life. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 58(6), 485-496.
Watson, T., & Mock, V. (2004). Exercise as an intervention for cancer-related fatigue. Physical Therapy, 84(8), 736-743.
Wilson, R. W., Taliaferro, L. A., & Jacobsen, P. B. (2006). Pilot study of a self-administered stress management and exercise intervention during chemotherapy for cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer, 14(9), 928-935.
Winningham, M. L. (1991). Walking program for people with cancer: Getting started. Cancer Nursing, 14(5), 270-276.
Winningham, M. L. (2001). Strategies for managing cancer-related fatigue syndrome: A rehabilitation approach. Cancer, 92(4, Suppl.), 988-997.
Winningham, M. L., & MacVicar, M. G. (1988). The effect of aerobic exercise on patient reports of nausea. Oncology Nursing Forum, 15(4), 447-450.
Winningham, M. L., MacVicar, M. G., Bondoc, M., Anderson, J. I., & Minton, J. P. (1989). Effect of aerobic exercise on body weight and composition in patients with breast cancer on adjuvant chemotherapy. Oncology Nursing Forum, 16(5), 683-689.
Winningham, M. L., MacVicar, M. G., & Burke, C. A. (1986). Exercise for cancer patients: Guidelines and precautions. Physician and Sports Medicine, 14(10), 125-134.
Young-McCaughan, S., Mays, M. Z., Arzola, S. M., Yoder, L. H., Dramiga, S. A., Leclerc, K. M., et al. (2003). Research and commentary: Change in exercise tolerance, activity and sleep patterns, and quality of life in patients with cancer participating in a structured exercise program. Oncology Nursing Forum, 30(3), 441-454.
Young-McCaughan, S., & Sexton, D. L. (1991). A retrospective investigation of the relationship between aerobic exercise and quality of life in women with breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 18(4), 751-757.