Aerobic and Strength Training Exercises Yield Many Positive Effects

Specific Effects of Aerobic Exercise

Studies of aerobic exercise regimens ranging from supervised treadmill tests to stationary bike programs three times a week for 10–12 weeks showed that participants experienced (Visovsky & Dvorak, 2005)

  • Decreased fat mass; increased lean mass
  • Less noticeable symptoms
  • Less nausea
  • Increased maximal oxygen uptake during exertion (VO2 max)
  • Increased functional capacity
  • Less depression, anxiety, and emotional distress
  • Less fatigue.

Specific Effects of Resistance/Strength Training Exercise

Research in people without cancer demonstrates that strength training (Hacker, 2009)

  • Increases muscle mass, strength, and endurance
  • Improves physical functioning
  • Enhances endurance.

Hacker, E.D., & Ferrans, C.E. (2003). Quality of life immediately after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Cancer Nursing, 26, 312–322.

Visovsky, C., & Dvorak. C. (2005, March 28). Exercise and cancer recovery. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 10(2). Retrieved from