Specific Effects of Aerobic Exercise
Studies of aerobic exercise regimens ranging from supervised treadmill tests to stationary bike programs three times a week for 10–12 weeks showed that participants experienced (Visovsky & Dvorak, 2005)
- Decreased fat mass; increased lean mass
- Less noticeable symptoms
- Less nausea
- Increased maximal oxygen uptake during exertion (VO2 max)
- Increased functional capacity
- Less depression, anxiety, and emotional distress
- Less fatigue.
Specific Effects of Resistance/Strength Training Exercise
Research in people without cancer demonstrates that strength training (Hacker, 2009)
- Increases muscle mass, strength, and endurance
- Improves physical functioning
- Enhances endurance.
Hacker, E.D., & Ferrans, C.E. (2003). Quality of life immediately after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Cancer Nursing, 26, 312–322.
Visovsky, C., & Dvorak. C. (2005, March 28). Exercise and cancer recovery. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 10(2). Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume102005/No2May05/ArticlePublishedHirsh/ExerciseandCancerRecovery.html