Ezzo, J., Vickers, A., Richardson, M.A., Allen, C., Dibble, S.L., Issell, B., … Zhang, G. (2005). Acupuncture-point stimulation for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23, 7188-7198.doi: 10.1200/JCO.2005.06.028
In all, 14 studies were identified and reviewed.
In the nine studies that evaluated acute vomiting management via acupuncture-point stimulation, acute vomiting was reduced but nausea severity was not.
In the seven studies that assessed acute nausea via acupressure, acute nausea severity was reduced.
Three studies that evaluated delayed vomiting did not support the intervention.
In the five studies using acupuncture-point stimulation, the intervention did not reduce delayed vomiting.
The pooled results of 11 studies using acupuncture-point stimulation plus antiemetics for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) showed significant reduction in acute vomiting and marginal statistical significance for reducing acute nausea.
Electroacupuncture provided protective effects for acute vomiting, but acupuncture did not. Acupressure was effective for acute nausea in patients using “state-of-the-art” antiemetics. However, placebo effects may have influenced results.