Midtgaard, J., Rørth, M., Stelter, R., Tveterås, A., Andersen, C., Quist, M., . . . Adamsen, L. (2005). The impact of a multidimensional exercise program on self-reported anxiety and depression in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A phase II study. Palliative and Supportive Care, 3, 197–208.doi: 10.1017/S1478951505050327
The intervention was a six-week, nine-hour weekly group intervention of high (exercise) and low (massage) intensity. “Talking time” also was included. A trained nurse and physiotherapist administered the intervention.
A prospective follow-up design was used (one group, pre/post-test).
Anxiety and depression scores improved (p < 0.001). Patients who were physically nonactive improved more on the HADS anxiety subscale than those in the active group. Women improved more on the HADS anxiety subscale than men.