Quattrin, R., Zanini, A., Buchini, S., Turello, D., Annunziata, M.A., Vidotti, C., . . . Brusaferro, S. (2006). Use of reflexology foot massage to reduce anxiety in hospitalized cancer patients in chemotherapy treatment: Methodology and outcomes. Journal of Nursing Management, 14, 96–105.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2934.2006.00557.x
To reduce anxiety caused by chemotherapy (not the diagnosis)
The intervention was reflexology foot massage in hospitalized patients undergoing their second or third cycle of chemotherapy (30-minute foot massage on both feet by an RN student). The Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was administered before and after reflexology and 24 hours post-reflexology.
The study reported on a sample of 30 patients: 15 in the control group and 15 in the reflexology foot massage group.
Italian research hospital
Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
There was an average decrease of 7.9 points on the state-anxiety scale in the treatment group (p < 0.0001) after the short time frame (immediate decrease in anxiety).