Kouvaris, J.R., Kouloulias, V.E., Plataniotis, G.A., Balafouta, E.J., & Vlahos, L.J. (2001). Dermatitis during radiation for vulvar carcinoma: Prevention and treatment with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor impregnated gauze. Wound Repair and Regeneration, 9, 187–193.doi: 10.1046/j.1524-475x.2001.00187.x
To determine effectiveness of GM-CSF impregnated gauze in preventing and healing acute radiation-induced dermatitis
The study took place from November 1981 to March 1998. Group A (n = 37) was comprised of patients treated from 1981 to 1993 and received steroid creams (e.g., Betamethasone) as prophylaxis to radiation-induced dermatitis. Group B (n = 24) was comprised of patients treated from 1993 to 1998 and received steroid creams from the start of treatment and, following 20 Gy of radiation, also recieved GM-CSF impregnated gauze. Dressings were applied twice daily, 12 hours apart, for the rest of their treatment, while steroid cream was applied once a day, intermediately. The same doctors and technicians treated all patients during this time interval and were evaluated using a standard protocol. Findings from both groups were analyzed retrospectively.
The study took place at a university hospital in Greece.
The study used a retrospective design.
Group B had overall lower subjective pain results (p = 0.0014). Those who had received the GM-CSF had overall less severe skin toxicity by RTOG/EORTC grading (p = 0.008).
GM-CSF impregnated gauze can be effective in preventing and healing radiation-induced dermatitis and in reducing the interruption intervals in radiation therapy for vulvar carcinomas.