Carlson, L. E., Speca, M., Patel, K. D., & Goodey, E. (2003). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 571–581.
The mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) meditation program included relaxation, meditation, gentle yoga, and daily practice. Patients received a 52-page booklet with weekly instructions and an audiotape of the meditations. Patients attended eight weekly, 90-minute group sessions plus a three-hour silent retreat on Saturdays on weeks 6 and 7. Outcomes were quality of life (QOL), mood, symptoms of stress, and immune and hormone parameters.
Patients were undergoing the long-term follow-up phase of care.
The study used a one-group, pre- and posttest design.
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnare (EORTC QLQ-C30) sleep disturbance subscale
Significant improvements were reported in sleep quality.