Fobair, P., Koopman, C., DiMiceli, S., O'Hanlan, K., Butler, L. D., Classen, C., . . . Spiegel, D. (2002). Psychosocial intervention for lesbians with primary breast cancer. Psychooncology, 11, 427–438.doi: 10.1002/pon.624
The intervention included twelve 90-minute meetings of a supportive-expressive group therapy led by a licensed clinical social worker; participants discussed problems, coping, treatment, mood, self-efficacy, relationships, pain, sleep, body image, and sexuality. Outcomes were emotional distress, mood, self-efficacy, body image, sexuality, social support, quality of life (QOL), pain, and sleep.
Three community settings in Northern California
Patients were undergoing the active treatment phase of care.
The study used a one-group, pre-/posttest design.
Brief questionnaire based on the Structured Insomnia Interview to assess quality and quantity of sleep and daytime sleepiness
Patients undergoing 12 weeks of supportive group therapy showed statistically significant improvement in sleep (less waking during the night).