Shapiro, S. L., Bootzin, R. R., Figueredo, A. J., Lopez, A. M., & Schwartz, G. E. (2003). The efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction in the treatment of sleep disturbance in women with breast cancer: an exploratory study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 54, 85–91.
The intervention consisted of six weekly, two-hour sessions and a one-hour silent treatment session. Participants were trained in meditative practices (Kabat-Zinn), sitting meditation, body scan, Hatha yoga, and “Loving Kindness” meditation.
Participants were given didactic material on physical and psychological effects of stress and tools to cope with stress. The control group chose a stress management technique to engage in each week and used a workbook and diary.
The outcome was sleep.
Participants were undergoing the long-term follow-up phase of care.
The study was a randomized, controlled trial.
Sleep diary and a daily diary to record the activities they engaged in for stress management