Simeit, R., Deck, R., & Conta-Marx, B. (2004). Sleep management training for cancer patients with insomnia. Supportive Care in Cancer, 12, 176–183.doi: 10.1007/s00520-004-0594-5
This multimodal psychological sleep management program combined relaxation techniques (progressive muscle relaxation [PMR] or autogenic training [AT]; sleep hygiene; cognitive techniques; and advice) in stimulus control techniques. Outcomes were sleep and quality of life (QOL).
Patients were undergoing the long-term follow-up phase of care.
The study used a quasiexperimental design, with sequential recruitment of groups and patient choice for PMR or AT.
Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), German Translation
No statistically significant difference was found between the PMR and AT groups. Improvement was noted in the intervention groups regarding sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep medication (decreased), and daytime dysfunction.