Wysocki, W.M., Mitus, J., Komorowski, A.L., & Karolewski, K. (2012). Impact of preoperative information on anxiety and disease-related knowledge in women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer: A randomized clinical trial. Acta Chirurgica Belgica, 112, 111–115.
To evaluate the impact of information, provided preoperatively, on the anxiety and knowledge of women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer; to assess the specific impact of additional, structured preoperative information (delivered by means of educational/informational video) on perioperative anxiety and treatment- and disease-related knowledge in women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer
Routine information was delivered to both arms of the study. Information was not standardized and included the typical conversation with the attending surgeon, surgical informed consent, and practical information from nurses. The treatment arm provided additional information delivered preoperatively via video; the information was recorded by a breast cancer survivor. Information in the video was obtained from the National Cancer Institute’s website. All patients were prospectively followed for one month (further follow-up was performed according to local treatment protocols) at 24–36 hours, 7 days, and 30 days postoperatively.
Open-labeled, randomized controlled trial
Patients who participated in the study showed no evident or significant improvement in perioperative anxiety or treatment- and disease-related knowledge, with the exception of knowledge concerning available primary treatment modalities.
Patient education, as well as emotional support, should always be important preoperatively and must continue postoperatively.