Gibson, R.J., Keefe, D.M., Lalla, R.V., Bateman, E., Blijlevens, N., Fijlstra, M., … Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology (MASCC/ISOO). (2013). Systematic review of agents for the management of gastrointestinal mucositis in cancer patients. Supportive Care in Cancer, 21(1), 313–326.doi: 10.1007/s00520-012-1644-z
To systematically review current evidence for prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) mucositis in adults and children receiving cancer treatment and to update relevant Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) guidelines
This was an evidence-based guideline developed based on a systematic review of the literature with rating of levels of evidence and identification of study flaws.
Database searched was MEDLINE.
Search keywords were numerous and included all known possible interventions tested.
Inclusion and exclusion criteria were not stated in this article but provided elsewhere in the journal.
A total of 1,336 papers were initially retrieved; of these, 146 were reviewed for development of the guidelines.
This review had a limited search strategy, as only one database was searched. In addition, most of the suggestions and recommendations provided were based on low-level evidence by the rating system used.
These guidelines provide some suggestions for management of oral mucositis and diarrhea in patients with cancer. They also provide information regarding evidence for mucositis in the entire GI tract.