Caraceni, A., Hanks, G., Kaasa, S., Bennett, M.I., Brunelli, C., Cherny, N., . . . European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC). (2012). Use of opioid analgesics in the treatment of cancer pain: Evidence-based recommendations from the EAPC. Lancet Oncology, 13, e58–e68.doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(12)70040-2
The guidelines, which relate to the use of opioids to treat cancer pain, are the result of revision of previous European Palliative Care Research Collaborative guidelines.
Findings are submitted as a general framework to help clinicians make informed decisions regarding cancer pain management.