Saito, H., Yoshizawa, H., Yoshimori, K., Katakami, N., Katsumata, N., Kawahara, M., & Eguchi, K. (2013). Efficacy and safety of single-dose fosaprepitant in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in patients receiving high-dose cisplatin: A multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial. Annals of Oncology, 24, 1067–1073.doi: 10.1093/annonc/mds541
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of single-dose fosaprepitant in combination with IV granisetron and dexamethasone to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) containing cisplatin at 70 mg/m2 or higher
Patients receiving high-dose cisplatin were randomized to one of two groups (fosaprepitant or placebo). On day 1, one hour before antineoplastic treatment, both groups received IV granisetron 40 µg/kg and an IV infusion over 20-30 minutes of either fosaprepitant 150 mg or placebo. Dexamethasone also was given on day 1 (10 mg given to the fosaprepitant group and 20 mg given to the placebo group). Aprepitant is known to increase plasma dexamethasone concentrations when used in combination with dexamethasone; therefore, to achieve comparable plasma levels of dexamethasone, the fosaprepitant group received a half dose of dexamethasone on days 1 and 2 only. On day 2, both groups received dexamethasone 4 mg and 8 mg, respectively. On day 3, both groups received dexamethasone 8 mg IV, administered in the morning.
This was a multisite study conducted at 68 institutions in Japan.
All patients were in active antitumor treatment.
This was a multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized, parallel study.
Patients kept self-assessment symptom diaries. Vomiting was defined as one episode of emesis or retching; nausea was assessed on most intense during a 24 hour-period of time.
A single-dose administration of fosaprepitant (150 mg), used in combination with granisetron and dexamethasone, was found to be well-tolerated and effective in preventing CINV in patients receiving HEC, including high-dose cisplatin.
The use of single-dose fosaprepitant (150 mg) in combination with granisetron and dexamethasone has shown effectiveness in preventing nausea and vomiting in patients receiving highly emetogenic antineoplastic therapies, such as cisplatin.