Komatsu, H., Hayashi, N., Suzuki, K., Yagasaki, K., Iioka, Y., Neumann, J., . . . & Ueno, N.T. (2012). Guided self-help for prevention of depression and anxiety in women with breast cancer. ISRN Nursing, 716367.doi: 10.5402/2012/716367
Evaluate the effects of a self-help program on depression and anxiety in women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy
Patients were assigned to intervention or treatment groups by authors (not random assignment). The intervention was a self-learning package aimed at rehearsing the chemotherapy procedure, improving beliefs in managing side effects, and helping build problem-solving skills. This group also was given a professional-led support group that met two to three times during the study. The control group received usual care including a chemotherapy education leaflet. Nurses monitored patient progress from review of patient diaries in the intervention group that documented side effects and self management performed at the beginning of each cycle of chemotherapy. Nurses involved with the intervention were educated and demonstrated increased knowledge regarding improving coping processes in daily living. Data were collected at baseline, one week, three months, and six months.
PHASE OF CARE: Active antitumor treatment
Non-random, two-group comparison, quasi-experimental—historical control approach
No significant differences were found in outcomes between study groups. Study measures improved over time in all patients.
This study did not find that the intervention tested here had an effect on depression or anxiety.
This particular study did not demonstrate effectiveness of the intervention tested here. The study had several limitations. Anxiety and depression improved in all patients, suggesting that usual nursing education provided was just as effective as the expanded approach used here. Several study results have suggested that interventions aimed at improving anxiety and depression are most effective for patients who have clinically relevant anxiety and depression.