Yarom, N., Ariyawardana, A., Hovan, A., Barasch, A., Jarvis, V., Jensen, S.B., . . . Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology (MASCC/ISOO). (2013). Systematic review of natural agents for the management of oral mucositis in cancer patients. Supportive Care in Cancer, 21, 3209–3221.
PROFESSIONAL GROUP: MASCCdoi: 10.1007/s00520-013-1869-5
PURPOSE: Review evidence and provide guidelines for use of natural agents in the prevention and management of oral mucositis in cancer
TYPES OF PATIENTS ADDRESSED: Patients receiving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or stem cell transplant
RESOURCE TYPE: Evidence-based guideline
PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT: Systematic review of evidence, quality rating using Hadorn criteria, and level of evidence classified via Somerfield criteria
DATABASES USED: MEDLINE
KEYWORDS: Alternative, complementary, homeopathic, aloe vera, beta carotene, chamomile, chines herbal, folic acid, and numerous other specific natural agents
INCLUSION CRITERIA: Not specified, other than use of a natural agent
EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Not specified
PHASE OF CARE: Active antitumor treatment
Ninety-nine papers were identified, and, of these, 49 papers were included in the review.
Findings do not support efficacy of currently studied natural herbal agents and other agents for prevention of oral mucositis. Systemic zinc supplementation may be helpful for patients with oral cancer receiving treatment. Glutamine is not recommended in patients undergoing cell transplant. Further, well-designed research in this area continues to be needed.