Saunders, D.P., Epstein, J.B., Elad, S., Allemano, J., Bossi, P., van de Wetering, M.D., . . . Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology (MASCC/ISOO). (2013). Systematic review of antimicrobials, mucosal coating agents, anesthetics, and analgesics for the management of oral mucositis in cancer patients. Supportive Care in Cancer, 21, 3191—3207.doi: 10.1007/s00520-013-1871-y
STUDY PURPOSE: To develop clinical practice guidelines on the use of antimicrobials, mucosal coating agents, anesthetics, and analgesics for the prevention and management of oral mucositis
TYPE OF STUDY: Systematic review
TOTAL REFERENCES RETRIEVED: 1, 384
EVALUATION METHOD AND COMMENTS ON LITERATURE USED: Only articles that reported on the effects of an antimicrobial, mucosal coating agent, anesthetic, or analgesic on oral mucositis that met the inclusion criteria described were included in the review. Also, articles did not have any major or minor flaws per Hadorn and levels of evidence were based on the Somerfield criteria. The results were sorted into three classifications: recommendation, suggestion, and no guidelines possible.
FINAL NUMBER STUDIES INCLUDED = 62
SAMPLE RANGE ACROSS STUDIES, TOTAL PATIENTS INCLUDED IN REVIEW: Not discussed in the review
KEY SAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS: Included patients actively being treated for head and neck cancers, hematologic cancers, and solid tumors with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy, and high-dose total body irradiation for hematopoietic stem cell transplant
PHASE OF CARE: Active treatment
Recommendations were made against the use of topical antimicrobial agents for the prevention of mucositis, including recommendations against the use of iseganan for mucositis prevention in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and head and neck radiation therapy (RT) and antimicrobial lozenges for mucositis prevention in head and neck RT. Recommendations were made against the use of sucralfate for the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis due to chemotherapy or RT. Recommendations were made for the use of patient-controlled analgesia with morphine in HSCT, transdermal fentanyl in HSCT and standard-dose chemotherapy treatment, and morphine and doxepin mouth rinse in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing RT. No guidelines were recommended for any of the other agents reviewed due to insufficient or conflicting evidence.
Additional well-designed RCT studies are needed on the prevention and management of oral mucositis. Studies that look at systemic dosing and absorption may be helpful.
Lack of high-level of evidence prevented the development of guidelines in many of the agents reviewed, such as topical anesthetics, antimicrobial agents, and mucosal coating agents.
The recommendations for use in clinical practice were made for the use of patient-controlled analgesia with morphine in patients undergoing HSCT and for transdermal fentanyl in HSCT and standard-dose chemotherapy treatment, and morphine and doxepin mouth rinse in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing RT. Any use of the other agents in this study were not recommended for use in the prevention or treatment of oral mucositis and should be used with caution.