Kampe, S., Wolter, K., Warm, M., Dagtekin, O., Shaheen, S., & Landwehr, S. (2009). Clinical equivalence of controlled-release oxycodone 20 mg and controlled-release tramadol 200 mg after surgery for breast cancer. Pharmacology, 84(5), 276–281.doi: 10.1159/000242998
To assess clinical equivalence pain at rest of 20 mg controlled-release oxycodone and 200 mg controlled-release tramadol over 24 hours
Patients were premedicated with midazolam 7.5 mg and continuous-release oxycodone 20 mg or tramadol 200 mg. Patients received the same medication 12 hours later. After surgery, patients had access to rescue medications (paracetamol [acetaminophen]). Postoperative assessments were performed at 8, 16, and 24 hours after premedication.
Randomized double-blinded study
There was no significant difference between treatment groups with regard to adverse effects. The cumulative amount of IV paracetamol given during the first 24 hours after the operation did not differ significantly between the two groups. Postoperative pain management and patient satisfaction were equal in both groups.
There were no significant differences in pain control or incidence of adverse effects between the two groups.
Findings suggest effectiveness of continuous-release tramadol for the treatment of acute pain.