Melchart, D., Ihbe-Heffinger, A., Leps, B., von Schilling, C., & Linde, K. (2006). Acupuncture and acupressure for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea: A randomised cross-over pilot study. Supportive Care in Cancer, 14, 878-882.doi: 10.1007/s00520-006-0028-7
To study the effectiveness of acupuncture and acupressure in reducing chemotherapy-induced nausea
Patients were treated for one cycle of chemotherapy with acupuncture and acupressure at point P6 and for one cycle at a close sham point. Participants were randomized to acupuncture at P6 or at a close nonacupuncture point, and it was delivered by one of two physicians with training and experience in acupuncture. Participants wore acupressure bands for 72 hours at the same points on both arms and could wear them for an additional four days if needed. The bands were covered with a mull bandage to blind the staff. Participants completed diaries for seven days, documenting intensity (on a 0-6 rating scale), frequency, and duration of nausea and vomiting; additional antiemetics taken; and, on day 7, rate the effectiveness of side effects or impairment by acupuncture or acupressure. Patients completed the Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis (MANE). Oncology staff checked that the diaries were completed accurately, standard antiemetics regimens were followed, and if any adverse reactions related to acupuncture occurred.
The study was conducted by the hematology and gastroenterology departments of a large university hospital in Germany.
This was a randomized, crossover pilot study.