Since the 1970s, the use of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has increased. In oncology care, robotic and laparoscopic surgery are used in many procedures involving solid tumors. MIS may be less painful for the patient and is associated with lower wound infection rates, improved pulmonary function, and shorter lengths of hospital stay than traditional laparotomy.
The aims of this article are to describe laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery in patients with cancer, as well as the surgical oncology nursing care of these patients. PubMed®, CINAHL®, and Cochrane Library were searched. Primary studies published from January 2017 to January 2022 in peer-reviewed journals, written in English, and related to robot-assisted oncologic surgery and care of patients with cancer undergoing MIS, were included.
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