Background: Medical aid in dying (MAID) is increasingly becoming a legal option for patients with terminal illness who desire greater control over how they end their life. The majority of patients who pursue this option are those with terminal cancer.
Objectives: This article provides foundational knowledge on MAID, including key considerations for nurses practicing in states where MAID is legalized.
Methods: Available research and data on MAID are summarized, as well as clinical recommendations for patient education, counseling, and supportive care. A case study is included to illustrate relevant concepts.
Findings: MAID is becoming an accepted practice for patients with terminal cancer through increasing legislation across the United States. Nursing knowledge of critical considerations for patients with terminal cancer who choose to pursue MAID is integral to the provision of optimal clinical oncology care at the end of life.