NCPD Article

Values Assessment Tools in Advanced Cancer: A Clinical Literature Review

Sarah Durbin Weaver

Shreeya Singh

Leslie M. Sharpe

Daniel S. Reuland

Lorinda A. Coombs
values assessment, patient preferences, advanced cancer, values clarification
CJON 2023, 27(5), 525-531. DOI: 10.1188/23.CJON.525-531

Background: Patients with advanced cancer may receive cancer treatment that does not reflect their values because they may not be completely aware of what is important to them regarding treatment-related decisions when they are diagnosed.

Objectives: The purpose of this review was to determine whether existing values assessment tools can improve awareness of treatment-related decisional values in patients with advanced cancer.

Methods: PubMed®, CINAHL®, and PsycINFO® databases were searched for original English-language articles evaluating values assessment tools that could be used to assess patients with advanced cancer. The quality of the identified tools was evaluated using selected International Patient Decision Aid Standards instrument, version 3.0, criteria.

Findings: All tools identified are appropriate for use in patients with advanced cancer. Two scored at least 80% on the selected International Patient Decision Aid Standards criteria. The Short Graphic Values History Tool was developed with patient and clinician input and may be particularly useful for low-literacy patient populations with advanced cancer. No values assessment tools have been identified specifically for use in patients with advanced cancer.

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