NCPD Article

Comprehensive Clinical Literature Review of Managing Bone Metastases in Breast Cancer: Focus on Pain and Skeletal-Related Events

Kawther Hamash

Suzanne L. Walker

breast cancer, bone metastases, pain, symptom management, pain management
CJON 2023, 27(6), 615-628. DOI: 10.1188/23.CJON.615-628

Background: Bone metastases are the most common site of metastatic disease in breast cancer and can result in significant pain and an increased risk of skeletal-related events (SREs). Uncontrolled pain can further lead to negative outcomes.

Objectives: The aim is to provide oncology nurses with the latest evidence on the management of bone metastases in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) with a focus on pain and SREs.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using the Embase®, PubMed®/MEDLINE®, CINAHL®, and Cochrane Library databases. Clinical trials, retrospective studies, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and practice guidelines, as well as one high-level conference abstract, were reviewed.

Findings: Options for managing bone metastases in MBC include surgical and interventional strategies, radiation, and bone-modifying agents. Management plans frequently include a combination of these modalities. More information is needed to better define the role of bone-directed therapies in MBC, particularly as they relate to nursing care.

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