Professional oral care involves the examination, cleaning, treatment of dental caries, management of periodontal disease, and appropriate tooth extraction by dental professionals. Provision of professional oral care during cancer treatment was studied in relation to prevention of oral mucositis.
At low doses, prochlorperazine is used to control nausea and vomiting associated with radiation therapy and very low to moderately emetogenic chemotherapy. The drug can be used at high doses to control nausea and vomiting associated with highly emetogenic chemotherapy. It may be particularly effective in the management of delayed nausea and vomiting.
Probiotics are live microorganisms capable of colonizing the intestinal tract, altering the microflora, and exerting a positive effect on the host. The mechanism by which probiotics exert positive effects remains to be elucidated.
Prevention and early intervention protocols involved the implementation of prophylactic patient assessment and monitoring and relevant interventions to attempt to prevent a symptom and identify early stages of symptom development. Tes approach for symptom management was evaluated in patients with cancer for prevention and management of lymphedema.
Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that has been used to manage multiple symptoms in patients with cancer. Preoperative administration of dexamethasone has been evaluated for its effect on postoperative pain.
Giving antibiotics prior to surgery, at the time of anesthesia induction, has been identified as an intervention for the prevention of surgical site infections, and general use of antibiotic prophylaxis has been recommended in guidelines for some types of surgery. In addition, oral antibiotics prior to colon surgery in patients with cancer have been examined for effect on postoperative infection rates.
Pregabalin is an anticonvulsant used to relieve neuropathic pain and is used with other medications to treat certain types of seizures. It works by decreasing the number of pain signals that are sent out by damaged nerves in the body. The combination of pregabalin and medication used to treat depression was tested for its effect on cancer-related pain.
Pre-construction planning involves the planning and implementation of activities to maintain appropriate environmental measures to prevent patient exposure to potentially infectious agents that can be introduced into the environment during construction. Planning generally also involves education of contractors and construction workers and ongoing monitoring of conditions and compliance with required procedures under the guidance of professional infection prevention and control personnel.
Povidone iodine is a chemical complex of povidone and elemental iodine. It is an antiseptic. It has been widely used as a pre-operative skin cleansing agent and for the treatment and prevention of infection in wounds. Povidone iodine in the form of an oral rinse has been evaluated in patients with cancer for prevention and treatment of mucositis.
Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound that is diluted in water and used to treat weeping skin conditions. It has both antiseptic and astringent properties. Sulfosalicylic cream has been used to treat skin conditions caused by microorganisms on the skin.