Patients’ Perspectives of Engagement as a Safety Strategy

Chasity B. Walters

Elizabeth A. Duthie

patient safety, patient participation, grounded theory, health literacy
ONF 2017, 44(6), 712-718. DOI: 10.1188/17.ONF.712-718

Purpose/Objectives: To describe patient engagement as a safety strategy from the perspective of hospitalized surgical patients with cancer.

Research Approach: Qualitative, descriptive approach using grounded theory.

Setting: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, New York.

Participants: 13 hospitalized surgical patients with cancer.

Methodologic Approach: Grounded theory with maximum variation sampling.

Findings: Participants’ perceptions regarding their engagement as a patient safety strategy were expressed through three overarching themes: the word “patient” obscures the message, safety is a shared responsibility, and involvement in safety is a right. Themes were further defined by eight subthemes.

Conclusions: Using direct messaging, such as “your safety” as opposed to “patient safety,” and teaching patients specific behaviors to maintain their safety appeared to facilitate patient engagement and increase awareness of safety issues. Patients may be willing to accept some responsibility for ensuring their safety by engaging in behaviors that are intuitive or that they are clearly instructed to do; however, they described their involvement in their safety as a right, not an obligation.

Interpretation: Clear, inviting, multimodal communication appears to have the greatest potential to enhance patients’ engagement in their safety. Nurses’ ongoing assessment of patients’ ability to engage is critical insofar as it provides the opportunity to encourage engagement without placing undue burden on them. By employing communication techniques that consider patients’ perspectives, nurses can support patient engagement.

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