Patient–Provider Discussion About Lung Cancer Screening Is Related to Smoking Quit Attempts in Smokers

Hermine Poghosyan

lung cancer screening, patient–provider discussion, smoking quit attempt, smoking cessation
ONF 2022, 49(2), 132-141. DOI: 10.1188/22.ONF.132-141

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between patient–provider discussions about lung cancer screening and smoking quit attempts among adults eligible for lung cancer screening.

Participants & Setting: Secondary analysis of data collected online from 283 current smokers, ages 55–74 years, with no history of lung cancer and with at least a 20 pack-year smoking history.

Methods & Variables: Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted. The outcome variable was smoking quit attempt, and the key independent variable was patient–provider discussion about lung cancer screening.

Results: More than a third of participants (39%) tried to quit smoking in the past year, and the majority (58%) did not use any smoking cessation methods. Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that patient–provider discussion about lung cancer screening was significantly associated with smoking quit attempts.

Implications for Nursing: Nurses could increase patients’ awareness about benefits of lung cancer screening and advocate for evidence-based smoking cessation programs.

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