Constipation is defined as the decreased passage of stool characterized by infrequent bowel movements, hard stool, sensation of abdominal bloating or cramping, straining with bowel movements, and feeling of incomplete evacuation. The incidence of constipation among patients with cancer has not been well defined. In the palliative care population, prevalence of 40%–64% has been reported, and the symptom can be as high as 70%–100% among hospitalized patients with cancer. Opioid-induced constipation is a problem in patients who require opioids for pain management.
ONS staff researchers and clinical specialists have exhaustively assessed evidenced-based research from comprehensive sources to provide you our best recommendations on Symptom Interventions for your patients.