Prevention of Bleeding

Prevention of Bleeding

Bleeding in patients with cancer results from an interplay of disease- and treatment-related factors. Certain types of cancer such as leukemia have a higher probability of bleeding, with up to 90% of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia developing hemorrhagic complications. Thrombocytopenia can be caused by chemotherapy or radiation therapy as well as infection, disseminated intravascular coagulation, liver disease, and platelet dysfunction.

ONS PEP resources address only interventions that prevent, reduce, or manage bleeding directly related to cancer and/or its treatment. Because little new evidence is available in this area, the resources are pending updates. Current evidence provided is through May 2008.

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This topic was updated on September 9, 2016. Learn more about these changes.

2014–2016 Authors

Nancy Corbitt, BSN, RN, OCN®, CRNI, Joanne Harrington, PhD, ANP-C, AOCNP®, Trisha Kendall, MS, RN, OCN®, Michelle Phelan, RN, ACNP-BC, AOCN®

ONS Staff: Margaret M. Irwin, PhD, RN, MN, Lee Ann Johnson, PhD, RN, Christine M. Maloney, BA, Kerri A. Moriarty, MLS, and Mark Vrabel, MLS, AHIP, ELS


2009 Authors

Barbara I. Damron, PhD, RN, and Susan M. Samsonow, RN, OCN®

ONS Staff: Heather Belansky, RN, MSN


2007 Authors

Jeannine M. Brant, RN, MS, AOCN®, Barbara I. Damron, PhD, RN, Patricia J. Friend, PhD, RN, AOCN®, Michele Lacher, RN, OCN®, Anna D. Schaal, RN, BScN, MS, ARNP, and Susan M. Samsonow, RN

Research Consultant: Sandra Mitchell, CRNP, MScN, AOCN®

ONS Staff: Heather Belansky, RN, MSN, and Annette Parry Bush, RN, BSN, MBA, OCN®